Work that is Prohibited
We must not sell, or buy, or do any kind of work other than that which is
permitted in the Torah in relation to the preparation of food. It is written,
“no manner of work shall be done in them [i.e., the first and last days of the Haggim], save that which every
person must eat" (Shemot [Exodus] 12:16).
All our food for the first and last days of the festival, then, must be prepared before the day
comes in: food, drink, etc. This means that all meat must be slaughtered,
and all fruits and vegetables must be gathered from their stalks.
It is forbidden to glean what has dropped down from trees upon a holiday.
It is forbidden to milk animals or grind or sift flour. It is forbidden
to catch fish or birds.
It is forbidden to cut firewood or grind rock salt or grains of perfume
in a mortar.
We must not kindle fire, nor extinguish it. We are not, however, forbidden
to have in our dwellings a fire previously kindled, since we have to leave
it burning for the preparation of food. This being the case, we may use
it for lighting as well.
We must not sharpen knives or fan a fire with a bellows.
We must not carry things in the streets and lanes or other public places.
We must not go out upon the public highways, into the outskirts of the city,
or outside it. This is on analogy with the laws of Shabbat, since these days are called Shabbaton [a day of Shabbat-like observance]. Likewise it
is forbidden to do any sport, since all of this is the
opposite of the sanctity required for the day.
It is forbidden for judges to hold court or undertake any labour from which
we might benefit after the holiday.
In general, all the work that is forbidden on Shabbat is forbidden also
on a holiday, save what the Miqra’ [Scripture] has excepted pertaining to the preparation
of food. One is not permitted to intentionally make more food than is required
for consumption by those present for holiday meals.